Excerpts from The Domestic Violence Sourcebook by Dawn Bradley Berry, J. D.

Excerpts from The Domestic Violence Sourcebook by Dawn Bradley Berry, J. D.
Approximately 50% of all homeless women and children in America are fleeing domestic violence.
• 25 to 33% of men who batter their wives also sexually abuse their children.
• 25% of all women who are battered are abused while they are pregnant.
• 33% of women treated in emergency rooms are victims of violence.
• Studies indicate that between 25% and 50% of all women will be abused at least one time in their lives.
• Rape is a regular form of abuse in about 50% of violence relationships.
• More women leave the workforce permanently because of domestic violence than leave to raise children.
• According to the March of Dimes, battering during pregnancy is the leading cause of birth defects and infant mortality-more than the birth defects caused by all diseases for which people are routinely inoculated combined.
In one study of violent homes, all sons over fourteen attempted to protect their mothers. 62% were injured in the process. Another study found that 63% of the males between the ages of 15 and 20 who are incarcerated for homicide are there because they killed their mother’s batterers.
• Businesses lose about $100 million annually in lost wages, sick leave, absenteeism, and non- productivity as a direct result of domestic violence.
• Medical expenses for treating victims of domestic violence total at least $3 billion to $5 billion annually.
• According to a 1995 FBI survey, a woman is battered in the United States every seven seconds.
• According to the national Centers for Disease Control, more women are treated in emergency rooms for battering injuries than for muggings, rapes and traffic accidents combined.
• Battering contributes to one quarter of all suicide attempts by women generally, and half of all suicide attempts by African American women.
• 74% of abused woman who work outside the home are harassed by their abusers at work, either in person or by telephone. 56% are late for work at least 5 times a month because of their abusers. 54% miss at least three full days of work a month, and 20% lose their jobs because of abuse.
• Weapons are used in 30% of domestic violence incidents.
• According to FBI data, four women a day are murdered by a male partner. Over 30% (some estimate over 50%) of all murders of woman in America are committed by intimate partners.
• Studies of woman killed by a husband or boyfriend show that 90% of the victims had reported at least one prior incident of abuse. The average number of calls to a scene before a domestic homicide is eight.
• Up to 6 million women are believed to be beaten in their homes each year. 4 million single incidents are reported. The National Coalition Against Domestic Violence estimates that up to 90% of battered women never report their abuse.
• Women who have divorced or separated from their abusers report being battered I-I times as often as those still living with their partners do.
• It is estimated that 73% of the emergency room visits, and up to 75% of calls to the police for domestic violence incidents occur after separation.
• According to the American Medical Association, family violence kills as many women every five years as the total number of Americans who died in the Vietnam War.
• Homicide is the second leading cause of death for woman ages fifteen to twenty four.

eliminating racism

1800’s The first Negro YWCA Branch was organized in Dayton, Ohio, in 1889; although Negro branches were separate from white branches, by 1898 the YWCA had seven Negro Student Associations affiliated with it. The YWCA also extended its mission to American Indian young women, founding an Association at Chilocco, Oklahoma, in 1890, work which continued for many years as part of the Student Department of the National Board.

1900-1920’s In 1913 Eva Bowles became the first African American staff member to work as a professionally trained leader to work with Local Associations. In 1915, the YWCA held its first interracial conference in Louisville, KY. In the 1920s the Student YWCA organized its first councils on an interracial basis, adopting the principle of iinclusion for all of the membership in regional councils. In 1924, the National Student Assembly took a program stand on race relationships, “pledging ourselves to seek anew the mind of Jesus in regard to our race relationships and to know students of other races, that we may rid ourselves of prejudices and may promote justice and understanding.”

1930’s In the thirties, the YWCA set its face against lynching and mob violence and supported the struggle for civil rights for African Americans in the United States. The first interracial seminar in the South took place at Shaw University, Raleigh, North Carolina in 1938. Students called for an investigation into segregation in YWCA associations and community life.

1940’s During World War II, discrimination against Japanese Americans led to thousands being forced from their homes into relocation camps in desolate areas by order of the United States government. Japanese Americans were deprived of their rights as citizens; the YWCA extended its services to the Relocation Centers, and many Associations, including many in the Midwest, opened their facilities to Japanese Americans as they prepared for resettlement.

In 1946 the YWCA reached a watershed in adopting the Interracial Charter at the 17th National Convention. It accepted recommendations that “the implications of the YWCA Purpose be recognized as involving the inclusion of Negro women and girls in the mainstream of Association life, and that such inclusion be adopted as a conscious goal.” In an unequivocal statement of its position on civil rights, the Charter states: “Wherever there is injustice on the basis of race, whether in the community, the nation, or the world, our protest must be clear and our labor for its removal vigorous and steady. And what we urge on others we are constrained to practice ourselves.” Three years later, YWCAs in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and Princeton, New Jersey, elected a Black president.

1950’s Between 1950 and 1970, the YWCA remained on the cutting edge in support of the Civil Rights Movement, which culminated in the adoption of the One Imperative. Through the ups and downs of the era, the student YWCAs remained in the vanguard with regard to issues of race and gender. The emphasis immediately post-war was on the spiritual welfare of women and girls, and the provision of social services to them. In May, 1954, the US Supreme Court rules segregationist doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ unconstitutional. This fueled the Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama. The YWCA acted to disseminate material on the Supreme Court decision with a booklet, ‘Our Schools, and Our Democracy.’

1960’s In the United States the 1960’s was the decade of the Civil Rights Movement in which African American people made unprecedented strides in affecting social, economic and racial change, and self-empowerment. However, in the YWCA of the U.S.A., the struggle to combat racism had begun early in its history, in the days of “service laced with social action” in the American South. This decade, however, ended with the epoch-making decision in 1970 to adopt the One Imperative, a statement which was rooted in the Christian purpose of the National Association, seeking “to respond to the barrier-breaking love of God in this day’, drawing together women and girls of diverse experiences and faiths, that their lives may be open to new understanding, and deeper relationships and that together they may join in the struggle for peace and justice, freedom and dignity for all people.”

During Dorothy Heights’ tenure, the YWCA, combined with other organizations such as the United Council of Negro Women, Church Women United, the International Council of Jewish Women, and the Catholic Women, to break the law in the South to challenge racial segregation. The YWCA invited activists such as Stokely Carmichael, Whitney Young, and Roy Wilkins to talk to members, and the Office of Racial Justice initiated Dialogue and Action Groups in 1968 in Community and Student YWCAs throughout the country.

1970’s At the YWCA’s April 1970 Convention, it adopted the One Imperative: “To thrust our collective power towards the elimination of racism wherever it exists and by any means necessary.”

Journey of Faith, The History of the World YWCA 1945-1994, by Carolyn Seymour-Jones, Allison & Busby, 1994

our history

Woman Using Machining WheelThroughout our history, the YWCA has been in the forefront of most major movements in the United States as a pioneer in race relations, labor union representation, and the empowerment of women.

The first Association in the U.S., Ladies Christian Association was formed in New York City

The first boarding house for female students, teachers and factory workers opened in New York, NY

“YWCA” was first used in Boston, MA

The YWCA opens the first employment bureau in New York City

The YWCA opens a low cost summer “resort” for employed women in Philadelphia, PA

The first African American YWCA branch opened in Dayton, OH

The first YWCA for Native American women opened in at Haworth Institute, Chilocco, OK

The United States of America, England, Sweden and Norway together created the World YWCA, which today is working in over 125 countries

The YWCA was the first organization to introduce the positive health concept and sex education in all health programming

YWCA of the USA incorporated in New York City

The YWCA was the first industrial federation of clubs to train girls in self- government

The YWCA held the first interracial conference in Louisville, KY

The YWCA was the first organization to send professional workers overseas to provide administrative leadership and support to U.S. Armed Forces

Based on its work with women in industrial plants, the YWCA Convention voted to work for “an eight-hour/day law, prohibition of night work, and the right of labor to organize”

Grace Dodge Hotel completed a Washington, DC residence initially designed to house women war workers

The YWCA encouraged members to speak out against lynching and mob violence, and for interracial cooperation and efforts to protect African American’s basic civil rights

The YWCA extends its services to Japanese American women and girls incarcerated in World War II Relocation Centers

The National Board appears at the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate hearings in support of permanent Fair Employment Practices Committee legislation

Interracial Charter adopted by the 17th National Convention

The National Convention pledges that the YWCA will work for integration and full participation of minority groups in all phases of American life

National Convention commits local Associations and the National Board to review progress towards inclusiveness and decides on “concrete steps” to be taken

The Atlanta, Georgia YWCA cafeteria opened to African Americans, becoming the city’s first integrated public dining facility

The National Board of the YWCA created the Office of Racial Justice to lead the civil rights efforts

The YWCA National Convention, held in Houston, adopted the One Imperative. “To trust our collective power towards the elimination of racism, wherever it exists, by any means necessary”

The YWCA started the ENCORE program for women who have undergone breast cancer surgery

YWCA establishes Fund For The Future

The YWCA National Board urges Congress to support legislation that opposes the South African policy of apartheid

The YWCA National Day of Commitment to Eliminate Racism began in response to the beating of Rodney King, an African American, the acquittal of four white Los Angeles police officers accused of the crime, and the subsequent riots and unrest across the country

The YWCA Week Without Violence was created as a nationwide effort to unite people against violence in communities. The annual observance is held the third week of October

Steps to Absolute Change was adopted. The YWCA shifted from a top down to a bottom up grassroots organization. Local associations joined regions and elected their regional representatives to the National Coordinating Board

Igniting the Collective Power of the YWCA to Eliminate Racism, the YWCA USA’s Summit on Eliminating Racism, was held in Birmingham, AL

The YWCA celebrates its Sesquicentennial Anniversary with the launch of the “Own It” campaign. Focused on igniting a new generation of 22 million young women aged 18 to 34 to get involved with important issues facing women and the country today

significant firsts

With a long and proud her-story, the YWCA has many significant “firsts.”

1858 The country’s first women’s organization forms as “Ladies Christian Association” in New York City.

1860 YWCA opens the first board housing for female students, teachers and factory workers in New York City.

1864 YWCA opens the first U.S. day nursery in Philadelphia.

1866 The first travelers’ aid initiative started in Boston.

1869 YWCA opens the first unwed mothers’ residence in Boston.

1870 YWCA holds first typewriting instruction for women in New York City.

1872 YWCA holds first sewing machine instruction for women and opens the first employment bureau in New York City.

1873 First student YWCA opens in Normal, Illinois.

1874 YWCA opens the first (and only) low-cost summer “resort” for employed women in Philadelphia dedicated by President Ulysses S. Grant.

1889 The first African American YWCA branch opens in Dayton, Ohio.

1890 The first Native American branch opens in Chilocco, Oklahoma.

1891 YWCA opens the first public cafeteria in Kansas City.

1893 First training school for practical nursing opens at YWCA in Brooklyn, New York.

1903 The first home study courses are initiated in Southern cotton mills.

1906 The YWCA is the first organization to introduce “positive health” concept, sex education in all health programming.

1908 The first industrial federation of clubs to train girls in self-government was formed.

1913 First national conference ground for women – 30-acre YWCA Asilomar Conference Grounds opens in Pacific Grove, California designed by architect Julia Morgan.

1915 YWCA holds the first interracial conference in the U.S. in Louisville.

1917 First women’s organization permitted in a U.S. Army camp and the first group to send professionals overseas to provide administrative support for U.S. armed forces in Europe.

1919 The YWCA convenes and finances the first meeting of women doctors.

1922 The first national Assembly of Industrial Women is held in Hot Springs, Arkansas.

1924 The YWCA established the first women’s pension fund.

1930 YWCA holds the first national conference on unemployment in New York City.

1936 YWCA holds the first co-ed, intercollegiate, interracial student conference at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina.

1942 YWCA extends services to Japanese American women and girls incarcerated in WWII relocation centers.

1946 YWCA Convention adopts Interracial Charter, which commits the YWCA to work for an end to racial injustice and full integration of black women in the mainstream of Association life.

1960 Atlanta YWCA cafeteria opens to African Americans, becoming the city’s first desegrated public dining facility.

1963 YWCA participates in the March on Washington for jobs and freedom.

1965 YWCA sets up the Office for Racial Justice, appointing Dorothy Height as director.

1967 YWCA elects the first African American President, Helen W. Claytor.

1970 The YWCA National Convention, held in Houston, adopted the One Imperative. “To thrust our collective power toward the elimination of racism, wherever it exists, by any means necessary.” The resolution passed and renewed effort went into racial justice work.

1978 YWCA receives the first grant to a voluntary agency by U.S. Department of Commerce, which enables 250 YWCAs in 44 states to form a network publicizing jobs for women in local public works projects.

1988 The YWCA is the first women’s organization invited to join U.S. Olympic Committee, Multi-Sport Division

1989 YWCA leads “pro-choice” demonstration, March for Women’s Equality/Women’s Lives.

1992 YWCA organizes the first National Day of Commitment to Eliminate Racism in response to beating of Rodney King and Los Angeles riots.

1992 The YWCA is the first women’s organization chosen by the federal Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to launch a partnership to combat breast cancer.

1994 YWCA appoints its first foreign-born Executive Director, Dr. Prema Mathai-Davis, a native of India.

2001 YWCA undertakes a major restructuring (the largest of any non-profit ever) to shift from a top down to a bottom up grassroots organization. Local associations joined regions and elected their representatives to the National Coordinating Board. They also adopted a focus on Hallmark Programs – the Economic Empowerment of Women and Racial Justice, set in place the goal for a revitalized brand identity and put a renewed emphasis on advocacy, developing leaders under 30 and enhancing connections with the World YWCA.

about the ywca of greater flint

For over 100 years, the YWCA of Greater Flint has provided comprehensive programs, outspoken leadership, and professional expertise on the pressing issues of our times. Created by women for women, the YWCA has a proud and pioneering history. The YWCA of Greater Flint is dedicated to eliminating racism, empowering women, and promoting peace, justice, freedom, and dignity for all.

The YWCA is committed to creating a more just society by providing services targeted to those who have been historically left out of the loop of power and advantage – women, children, and people of color. Today, the YWCA is hard at work reaching out to families who are seeking solutions to abusive situations through the Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Services program and partnering with those individuals and organizations who are committed to dismantling systems of racism and sexism in Genesee County.

All services provided to survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault are offered free of charge and are confidential.

domestic violence and sexual assault services

At the core of the YWCA of Greater Flint’s programming lies the Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Services (DVSAS) program. Designed to provide survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault with the support needed to achieve safety and self-sufficiency, Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Services seeks to empower survivors to achieve self-directed goals. The YWCA provides a vast amount of services to assist those whose lives have been affected by domestic violence and sexual assault.

crisis line and emergency response

The DVSAS program operates a 24-hour crisis line. The Crisis Line provides trained staff and volunteers who are able to answer questions, provide information and referrals, assist survivors in accessing other YWCA services, and begin the intake process for SafeHouse emergency shelter for those requiring safe shelter.

Emergency Response services are available for survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault, with specially trained staff and volunteers available to meet with survivors at local hospitals and police stations. Advocates are available on-call 24 hours a day to provide emotional support to survivors during medical examinations, explain evidence collection and criminal justice processes, and provide referrals as needed.

safehouse emergency shelter

The YWCA SafeHouse provides safe, temporary shelter and supportive services to survivors of domestic violence and sexual assault and their minor children. SafeHouse is located in a secure site, with easy access to public transportation and community resources.

In addition to emergency housing, clothing, and food, services available while at SafeHouse includes: legal advocacy, on-site child care, emergency response and crisis intervention, crisis counseling and support groups, referrals to community resources, personal advocacy, children’s counseling and activities.

crisis counseling and support groups

Crisis counseling and support groups are designed to provide survivors with the tools to empower themselves to increase their safety and lead lives free from violence.

Crisis counseling for individuals, with counselors trained to provide crisis intervention and supportive services is available. Counselors may assist with safety planning, provide assistance in accessing community resources, engage in the development of survival strategies, and offer other support based on the needs of the survivor. Counseling services are also available for non-offending family and friends of survivors, in an effort to assist these individuals.

Many survivors have found that they were helped the most by learning that they are not alone in their experiences. The YWCA offers on-going support groups for survivors of domestic violence an sexual assault, where they can address their feelings and learn from and with others who have gone through similar situations.

legal advocacy

Survivors of domestic violence and/or sexual assault may become involved in the criminal justice system, or with the family law court in divorce or custody matters, child protection proceedings, or personal protection order cases. The legal system can be difficult to understand and can feel threatening and unfriendly at times. The DVSAS program offers Legal Advocacy to help survivors navigate the legal system. While the YWCA Legal Advocates are not attorneys and cannot represent survivors in court or provide legal advice, they are available to provide the following services:

  • Information about the criminal justice system
  • Assistance with applying for Crime Victims Compensation
  • Assistance with preparing, filing, serving, and maintaining personal protection orders
  • Do-it-yourself divorce workshops for survivors
  • Referrals to attorneys for direct legal representation
  • Advocacy and communication on behalf of survivors
  • Accompaniment and support at court
  • Emergency 911 cell phones
  • Connection with interpreter services

fee-based services for perpetrators of violence

domestic violence intervention program

When someone engages in a pattern of force, threats, and other abusive tactics against a current or former intimate partner in order to control them, they are a perpetrator of domestic violence, sometimes referred to as an abuser or batterer. The Domestic Violence Intervention Program (DVIP) is designed to help batterers learn alternative methods of communication in relationships. Participants are most often court-ordered to attend, although some enroll and participate voluntarily. The DVIP is a 26-week course, with separate sessions available for men and women.

anger control education

Anger Control Education (ACE) is a 15-session program designed for people who have used violence or are at risk of using violence in incidences against non-intimate acquaintances or strangers (bar fights, road rage, etc). This program provides participants with the opportunity to learn how to identify when they are becoming angry, and to develop skills to resolve anger and conflict nonviolently.


Participants in DVIP or ACE pay a fee at the time of the intake assessment and at each weekly session. There is a sliding scale for those who demonstrate a substantial financial need. For more information about these fee-based programs for perpetrators of violence, call 810-238-7621 ext. 309.

YWCA of Greater Flint

310 E. Third Street

Flint, MI 48502

(810) 238-7621

(810) 238-SAFE